Asked May 11, 2014. A series of low mountains known as the Coast Ranges extends along the 1,200-mi (1,930-km) coast. Earthquakes are a regular (but rarely deadly) occurrence throughout the state, especially near San Francisco. It is the second-largest urbanized region in the United States, second only to the Washington/Philadelphia/New York/Boston Northeastern Megalopolis. Covering an area of 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2), California is among the most geographically diverse states. In 2009 and 2013 the California Natural Resources Agency prepared reports to the Governor on California’s Climate Adaptation Strategy, and the Agency also produced three Climate Change Assessments based on peer reviewed science. Summers are very warm, with cool evenings, while the spring and autumn months are mild, with cool evenings. The Liebre Mountains occupy the northwest corner of Los Angeles County, and represent a northwestern extension of the San Gabriel Mountains, both on the Pacific Plate side of the San Andreas Fault.  The states of Nevada and Utah, also originally part of Alta California, also use that line for their northern boundaries. California's geography is largely defined by its central feature—the Central Valley, a huge, fertile valley between the coastal mountain ranges and the Sierra Nevada. Whitney to Yosemite valley, and which is part of the Pacific Crest Trail that goes from Mexico to Canada. Skiing in Lake Tahoe is warmer than most mountains, so dress in layers, and don’t be surprised to see skiers show-off in t-shirts. Northern California's economy is noted for being the de facto world leader in industries such as high technology (both software and semiconductor), as well as being known for clean power, biomedical, government, and finance.  The range has a varied geology, with substantial areas of serpentine and marble. Northern California and the high mountains have snow in winter, while the deserts experience very hot summers and mild winters. California, constituent state of the United States of America. The large, deep freshwater Lake Tahoe lies to the North of Yosemite. Before 1930, there was an extremely valuable sardine (herring) fishery off Monterey, but this was depleted, an event later famous as the background to John Steinbeck's Cannery Row. The Basin and Range is a series of mountains and valleys (specifically horsts and grabens), caused by the extension of the Earth's crust. , The Cascade Range is a mountainous region stretching from the Fraser River in British Columbia, Canada down to south of Lassen Peak, California. The World Travel Guide (WTG) is the flagship digital consumer brand within the Columbus Travel Media portfolio. The deserts in the south of the state have very hot summers and mild winters. California is a U.S. state on the western coast of North America. Floods are occasionally caused by heavy rain, storms, and snowmelt. These deserts are caused by a combination of the cold offshore current, which limits evaporation, and the rain shadow of the mountains. 1st Jan 1970 History Reference this Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp California is on the west coast of the United States. Add comment. Most of California's climate is considered Mediterranean with warm to hot dry summers and mild wet winters. Apart from the San Francisco Bay Area and Sacramento metropolitan areas (and some other cities in the Central Valley), it is a region of relatively low population density. The rainy season runs from October to April in northern California and from November to March or April in southern California. Lassen is the most southerly active volcano of the Cascade chain. Since the mid 20th century, climate scientists have tracked these global warming trends and attributed them largely to human activity on the planet. With over 22 million people, roughly 60% of California's population resides in Southern California. The Santa Ynez Mountains make up the westernmost ranges, extending from Point Conception to the Ventura River just west-northwest of Ojai, in Ventura County. in mid-summer. Vista's sphere of influence also includes portions of unincorporated San Diego County to the north and east, with a county island in the central west. Shielded by the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the east, the California Coast ranges to the west, and the Siskiyou Mountains to the north, the city enjoys a mild climate for most of the year. 3387 words (14 pages) Essay. To the west of the Central Valley lies the Coast Ranges, including the Diablo Range, just east of San Francisco, and the Santa Cruz Mountains, to the south of San Francisco. However, some are quite famous like Barstow, a popular stop on the famous U.S. Route 66. Southern California consists of a heavily developed urban environment, home to some of the largest urban areas in the state, along with vast areas that have been left undeveloped.  Many of these lakes have extensive evaporite deposits that contain a variety of different salts. Climate is the average of weather over time. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. 0. The state is subject to coastal storms during the winter. For prime sunny beach weather in Southern California, July and August offer lots of sun and heat, but there will be crowds. (For comparison, this is also the approximate age of the Atlantic Ocean.) Climate patterns are changing, in California and across the planet. When the wind blows from inland, the resulting hot dry katabatic winds are called the Santa Ana Winds. Southern California Geography And Climate History Essay. Your Answer: Valleys, plains, mountaintops, forests, riverbeds and ocean cliffs create a unique geographical palette resulting in a staggering amount of microclimates: trying to find one uniform characteristic to sum up Sonoma County geography is a challenge. The topography of the Sierra is shaped by uplift and glacial action. , This region is located in the northeastern section of the state bordering Oregon and Nevada, mostly north of the Central Valley and the Sierra Nevada mountain range. Higher elevations experience snowstorms in the winter months. From that point, 14 mi (23 km) south-southwest of Davis Dam on Lake Mohave, the southeast boundary follows the Colorado River to the international border west of Yuma. For the best skiing in Lake Tahoe, the end of January and the beginning of February offer good snow and a break from the swelling crowds at Christmas and through mid-January. The Natural Wealth of California; Comprising Early History; Geography, Topography, and Scenery; Climate; Agriculture and Commercial Products; Geology,. It was admitted as the 31st state of the union on September 9, 1850, and by the early 1960s it was the most populous U.S. state. The sea off California is remarkably fertile, a murky green filled with fish, rather than the clear dead blue of most tropical seas. The state of California covers a very large land area and has many different climates in different parts of the state. Coastal climates are generally considered Mediterranean and weather is generally mild through much of the rest of the state, but the state does also contain extreme climates in desert and mountain areas. The northern boundary of Spanish claims was set at 42 degrees latitude by the Adams–Onis Treaty of 1819. The influence of the ocean generally moderates temperature extremes, creating warmer winters and substantially cooler summers, especially along the coastal areas. They are, from north to south, the Klamath Mountains, the Cascade Range, the Modoc Plateau, the Basin and Range, the Coast Ranges, the Central Valley, the Sierra Nevada, the Transverse Ranges, the Mojave Desert, the Peninsular Ranges, and the Colorado Desert. Mount Shasta is a dormant volcano, but there is some evidence that it erupted in the 18th Century.:99.  Waves from the Alaskan Good Friday earthquake of 1964 killed twelve people in Crescent City and caused damage as far south as Los Angeles. The climate can be generally characterized by its marine to warm Mediterranean climates along the coast, to somewhat Continental Mediterranean Climate in the valley to alpine climate zones in the high mountains. miles (source: 2003 Census) Geographical Low Point: Death Valley at -282 feet, located in the county/subdivision of Inyo (source: U.S. Geological Survey) Geographical High Point: Mt. The state’s size and geographic diversity expose it to an unusually wide range of extreme climate events. It starts by a whirl of wind and picks up fire by forest fires and house fires. California’s sequoias and redwoods can survive climate change—if we help them The worst fire season yet pushed the iconic trees to their limits. The winter 'rainy season' is gentle and occurs between January and March. A developed urban environment, with major cities and sprawling suburbs accessible only by car 1914 and 1921, Mount. 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